What is laparascopic (closed surgery)?
When it comes to laparoscopy, its meaning is the monitoring intra-abdominal organs through special devices and telescopes without opening the abdomen. Such surgeries are called laparoscopic, i.e. closed surgery.
In what diseases can laparascopic surgery be applied?
It is used for treatment in diseases of organs such as stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, liver, gallbladder and biliary tracts, pancreas, spleen, appendix, which are located in a cavity such as intra-abdominal cavity.
In addition, there are laparoscopic treatment options in inguinal hernias and abdominal wall hernias.
Why laparascopic surgery?
In the old years, when making large cuts to the abdomen and treating surgical diseases of intra-abdominal organs, it is now carried out with the help of small incisions and laparoscopic instruments under the control of the surgeon and the patient is less affected. Thus, it is carried out to have less pain after surgery, faster recovery, shorter hospitalization, early return to daily activities and as a result to return to work early. In addition, because the incisions are small, fewer scars after surgery and fewer hernias of the place of surgery are also seen.
How Laparascopic Surgery is done?
In the patient who is usually put to sleep by general anesthesia, first of all, an incision is made under the belly or above the abdomen and the abdomen is inflated by giving carbon dioxide gas from there. Again, the medical device (trocar) that allows the passage of the camera (telescope) through the same hole is put in place and the organs are made to appear on the screen.
After entering the camera, other trocars suitable for which organ to perform surgery are entered and the surgery is carried out through its rod-shaped tip, cutting and retaining tools such as scissors, pliers.